Days Of The Week In Japanese & How to Say Them (Full Guide)

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Written By Jessica Knight

Founder of Linguatics. Passionate multilinguist.

Are you interested in learning how to say, use, and remember the days of the week in Japanese? Look no further!

In this article, we will guide you through the pronunciation and usage of each day, as well as provide helpful tips on how to remember them.

You’ll discover the differences between the Japanese and English systems, and gain insight into how the days of the week are written in Japanese.

Additionally, we’ll delve into holidays and celebrations associated with specific days, and even throw in some fun facts and trivia along the way.

By the end, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of the days of the week in Japanese and be able to confidently navigate conversations and daily life in Japan.

So let’s dive in and expand your knowledge of this essential aspect of the Japanese language!

Sunday – Nichiyōbi (日曜日)

Get ready to relax and enjoy a lazy Sunday with ‘Nichiyōbi’ (日曜日)!

In Japanese, ‘Nichiyōbi’ is the word used to refer to Sunday. It is derived from the combination of the kanji characters ‘日’ meaning ‘sun’ and ‘曜日’ meaning ‘day of the week’.

Sunday is considered the first day of the week in Japan, and it holds a significant place in Japanese culture.

It is a day for rest and rejuvenation, where people often spend time with family and friends or engage in recreational activities.

Many Japanese families also use this day to visit temples or shrines to pray for health and good fortune.

So, take this opportunity to unwind and recharge on ‘Nichiyōbi’, and make the most of your relaxing Sunday!

Monday – Getsuyōbi (月曜日)

Imagine waking up on a Monday morning in Japan, feeling the energy of a new week as you step outside and breathe in the fresh air.

In Japanese, Monday is called ‘Getsuyōbi’ (月曜日). It is the first day of the week and is named after the moon, as ‘getsu’ means moon in Japanese.

On this day, people in Japan typically start their work or school week. The bustling streets are filled with commuters rushing to catch trains and buses.

In the workplace, colleagues greet each other and exchange pleasantries, ready to tackle the tasks ahead. Students gather in classrooms, eager to learn and engage in discussions.

Monday is a day of new beginnings, where goals are set and plans are made. It sets the tone for the rest of the week, as people strive to make the most out of their time and achieve their objectives.

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Tuesday – Kayōbi (火曜日)

Step outside on a Tuesday morning in Japan and feel the energy of a new day as you breathe in the fresh air.

Tuesday in Japanese is called ‘Kayōbi’ (火曜日), which literally translates to ‘fire day.’ This name originates from the traditional Chinese system of the five elements, where Tuesday is associated with the element of fire.

In Japanese culture, Tuesday is often seen as a day of productivity and action. It is a time to tackle tasks and projects with determination and vigor.

People in Japan embrace the start of the week with enthusiasm and use Tuesday as a chance to make progress toward their goals.

So, if you happen to be in Japan on a Tuesday, take advantage of the vibrant atmosphere and let the energy of the day inspire you to accomplish great things.

Wednesday – Suiyōbi (水曜日)

Wednesday in Japan is known as ‘Suiyōbi’ (水曜日), a day that symbolizes the element of water and its qualities of adaptability and flow.

In Japanese culture, Wednesday is associated with the idea of being flexible and able to navigate through different situations smoothly, just like water.

This concept is deeply rooted in Japanese philosophy and can be seen in various aspects of their daily lives.

For example, many Japanese people believe that Wednesday is a good day to start new projects or make important decisions, as the energy of water is believed to bring about positive change and adaptability.

Additionally, Wednesday is often seen as a day to focus on personal growth and development, as water represents the constant flow of learning and self-improvement.

So, if you’re in Japan on a Wednesday, embrace the qualities of water and go with the flow!

Thursday – Mokuyōbi (木曜日)

Thursday in Japan is known as ‘Mokuyōbi’ (木曜日), a day that brings to mind the image of towering trees and their strength and stability. Just like the sturdy trees, Thursday is often associated with growth and progress.

In Japanese culture, Thursday is considered an auspicious day for starting new projects and making important decisions. It is believed that any endeavors initiated on this day will flourish and bear fruit.

People often use Thursday to set goals and make plans for the future, harnessing the energy and stability symbolized by the trees.

Additionally, Thursday is also a popular day for social gatherings and events, as people come together to celebrate and enjoy each other’s company.

So, if you want to embark on a new journey or spend quality time with loved ones, Thursday in Japan is the perfect day to do so.

Friday – Kinyōbi (金曜日)

Imagine yourself waking up on Friday in Japan, feeling the excitement and energy in the air as the day is known as ‘Kinyōbi’ (金曜日), a day associated with success and good fortune.

Friday is a day that signifies the end of the workweek and the start of the weekend. In Japanese culture, it is often seen as a day to wrap up any unfinished business and prepare for relaxation and enjoyment.

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People are filled with anticipation for the upcoming weekend, making Friday a vibrant and lively day.

Whether it’s going out with friends, exploring the city, or simply taking time for oneself, Friday is a day to celebrate the achievements of the week and look forward to the possibilities of the weekend ahead.

Soak in the positive energy and make the most of your ‘Kinyōbi’ in Japan!

Saturday – Doyōbi (土曜日)

On Saturday, known as ‘Doyōbi’ in Japan, you can let loose and embrace the freedom of the weekend. It is a day to relax, have fun, and enjoy your time off from work or school.

Saturdays are often filled with various activities and events, such as shopping, going to the movies, or spending time with friends and family. It is also a popular day for leisurely pursuits like visiting parks, and museums, or exploring new places.

In Japan, Saturday is considered a prime time for socializing and enjoying recreational activities.

Whether you prefer to have a laid-back day or engage in exciting adventures, Doyōbi offers you the perfect opportunity to unwind and make the most of your weekend.

Pronunciation and Basic Usage

Get ready to have a blast pronouncing and using basic Japanese phrases, so you can fully immerse yourself in the language and have a fantastic time!

When it comes to pronouncing the days of the week in Japanese, Saturday is pronounced as ‘Doyōbi.’ The ‘o’ in ‘Doyōbi’ is pronounced like the ‘o’ in ‘hot.’

To use this word in a sentence, you can say ‘Doyōbi wa eiga o mimasu,’ which means ‘I watch movies on Saturdays.’

It’s important to note that in Japanese, the word for day is ‘hi,’ so you would say ‘Doyōbi wa eiga o mimasu’ instead of ‘Saturday wa eiga o mimasu.’

Make sure to practice saying ‘Doyōbi’ out loud to perfect your pronunciation and start incorporating it into your conversations in Japanese!

Cultural Significance of Days of the Week

Discover the rich cultural traditions and beliefs attached to each day of the week, allowing yourself to truly appreciate the profound significance they hold in Japanese society.

In Japan, the days of the week are not just labels for organizing time; they are deeply rooted in history and spirituality.

Monday, for example, is associated with the moon and is considered a day for purification and new beginnings.

Tuesday is linked to the planet Mars and symbolizes courage and strength.

Wednesday, being associated with Mercury, is regarded as a day for learning and communication.

Thursday, connected to Jupiter, represents blessings and good fortune.

Friday is associated with Venus and is considered a day for beauty and love.

Saturday, tied to Saturn, signifies discipline and self-reflection.

Sunday, associated with the sun, represents energy and vitality.

By understanding the cultural significance of each day, you can gain a deeper understanding of Japanese society and its values.

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Common Phrases and Expressions Using Days of the Week

Immerse yourself in the cultural tapestry of Japan by incorporating common phrases and expressions that effortlessly weave in the significance of each day of the week, allowing you to appreciate the profound depth of their beliefs and traditions.

In Japanese, there are several phrases and expressions that use the days of the week. For example, ‘Getsuyoubi ni’ means ‘on Monday,’ ‘Suiyoubi made’ means ‘until Wednesday,’ and ‘Kinyoubi ni’ means ‘on Friday.’

These phrases are commonly used in everyday conversations and can help you navigate through various situations.

By incorporating these phrases into your language learning journey, you not only enhance your communication skills but also gain a deeper understanding of the cultural significance attached to each day of the week in Japan.

Days of the Week in Written Japanese

Discover the fascinating way days are written in Japanese, and you’ll be captivated by the beautiful characters used to represent each day of the week!

In written Japanese, the days of the week are typically represented using the kanji characters for the numbers one to six, followed by the character for ‘day’.

For example, Monday is written as ‘月曜日’ (getsuyoubi), which literally translates to ‘Moon Day’. Tuesday is ‘火曜日’ (kayoubi), meaning ‘Fire Day’, and so on.

However, it’s important to note that in casual writing, the days of the week can also be represented using the katakana script. This is especially common in calendars and schedules.

So, whether you’re admiring the elegant kanji characters or the sleek katakana script, the days of the week in written Japanese are sure to leave a lasting impression.

Holidays and Celebrations Associated with Specific Days of the Week

On Sundays in Japan, families gather together to enjoy a traditional meal and spend quality time with each other. This day is often seen as a time for relaxation and rejuvenation after a busy week.

It is common for families to have a special meal, such as a traditional Japanese breakfast or a hot pot dinner called nabe.

Sundays are also a popular day for outings and leisure activities, such as visiting parks, going on picnics, or attending cultural events.

Many Japanese families use this day to bond and strengthen their relationships, creating cherished memories.

Additionally, Sundays are often associated with religious activities, with some families attending religious services or visiting temples and shrines.

Overall, Sundays in Japan are a special day for families to come together and enjoy each other’s company.

Days Of The Week In Japanese – Conclusion

Learning the days of the week in Japanese is essential for anyone interested in the language and culture. From Nichiyōbi to Mokuyōbi, each day has its own unique pronunciation and kanji characters.

Understanding the differences in usage compared to English is important for effective communication. Additionally, knowing the days of the week in written Japanese and the holidays associated with specific days adds depth to your knowledge.

So, immerse yourself in this fascinating aspect of the Japanese language and never forget the fun facts and trivia about the days of the week!

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